1 Million BCE Burgos fossils are the earliest recorded form of human life in Europe.
30,000 BCE The skull of a Neanderthal woman was first discovered in 1848 in a quarry at Gibraltar and a similar skull was unearthed in the Neander Valley in Germany in 1856, after which these people became known as Neanderthal man. Similar remains have also been found in the caves of Zafarraya in Málaga and Gorham’s Cave in Gibraltar. It is considered that this was the earliest time that humans, as we consider them (anatomically) today, first appeared in Spain. However, there are a number of other claims regarding earliest man.
12,000 BCE Palaeolithic era Caves at El Soplao and Altamira Caves in northern Spain near Santander. During 1789 some of the most extravagant and earliest cave paintings were found at Altamira. Among the exhibits are hunting scenes and large 2 metre high drawings of Bison. The drawings are said to be similar to cave paintings found at some French sites. One theory is that they were painted by invaders from Africa. The walls bear paintings and engravings of bison, deer, horses, boar, etc.
3000 - 2000 BCE Records of metalworking in Spain have been traced back to the Copper Age Site of Los Millares near Almeria.
1100 BCE Cadiz is believed to be the site of the first colony set up in Andalucia by Phoenician traders.
900 BCE The Celts This was the time of the major immigration of the Celts into Spain. They came from Germany through France and across the Pyrenees, by 600BCE, large numbers had reached into north western Spain where their descendants can still be found to retain some of the old Celtic culture. The Celts were fishermen, miners and experts at metal smelting, occupations which they continue to this day. The Celts mixed with the Iberians in central Spain and subsequently produced the "Celtiberian" race.